The Fungi

Armillaria mellea (Honey Fungus). (Photo F. Padovan)

     A well endowed collection of fungi (micoteca) is on display here. All together 184 species are on show as models, reproduced in their natural size (scale 1 : 1), made using moulds by Ivan Fossa.
     They include the most common and widespread fungi in Alpago, both edible and poisonous. Among the edible we find, for example, the boletus (Boletus aestivalis), the chanterelle (Cantharellus cibarius), and the parasol mushroom (Macrolepiota procera) and many others; among the poisonous there is the deadly death cap (Amanita phalloides), very common in Alpago and the related white fly agaric (Amanita muscaria), the devil’s boletus (Boletus satanas) and the Clitocybe rivulosa.
     They are displayed in a double show case (cod. 61 & 62) in the centre of the room.
     Each model is labelled with its scientific name and code number and further information is soon to be provided on whether the species displayed are edible or poisonous, their popular or local names and most frequent literary references.
     Above the glass show cases there are two explanatory panels: one giving the main morphological characteristics of the fruit body of an agaricus (by agaricus is meant the typical mushroom shape with cap, lamellae and stalk) and some structural and reproductive differences between the Ascomycetes and the Basidiomycetes; the other shows the ecology of fungi with the three main kinds of relationship to plants – mycorrhiza (symbiotic association of fungus hyphae with the roots of green plants), saprophytism (living on dead organisms, their remains and on organic matter or mineral soils) and parasitism (on living organisms, deriving nourishment from them and in so doing damaging them).

List of fungi on display at the Museum.

Each model was reproduced from a fungus which had just been picked and so is true to form and size. This rich collection, composed by Ivan Fossa, covers the most common species in Alpago.

Agaricus essettei
Amanita citrina
Amanita muscaria
Amanita pantherina
Amanita phalloides
Amanita phalloides fo. alba
Amanita rubescens
Amanita spissa
Amanita vaginata
Armillaria mellea
Boletinus cavipes
Boletinus cavipes var. aureus
Boletus aestivalis
Boletus calopus
Boletus fechtneri
Boletus luridus
Boletus rhodoxanthus
Boletus satanas
Calocybe gambosa
Calvatia excipuliformis
Cantharellus cibarius
Cantharellus cibarius var. amethysteus
Cantharellus cinereus
Cantharellus ianthinoxanthus
Cantharellus lutescens
Cantharellus melanoxeros
Cantharellus tubaeformis
Catathelasma imperiale
Chroogomphus rutilus
Clavariadelphus pistillaris
Clavariadelphus truncatus
Clavulina coralloides
Clitocybe gibba
Clitocybe inornata
Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe odora
Clitocybe phyllophila
Clitocybe rivulosa
Clitopilus prunulus
Collybia distorta
Collybia maculata
Coprinus atramentarius
Coprinus comatus
Cortinarius cumatilis
Cortinarius cyaneus
Cortinarius praestans
Cortinarius rufoolivaceus
Cortinarius splendens
Cortinarius venetus
Cortinarius violaceus
Craterellus cornucopioides

Cystoderma amiantinum
Cystoderma terrei
Daedalea quercina
Daedaleopsis confragosa
Daedaleopsis tricolor
Discina gigas
Disciotis venosa
Entoloma bloxamii
Entoloma rhodopolium
Fistulina hepatica
Flammulina velutipes
Fomes fomentarius
Ganoderma lucidum
Geastrum fimbriatum
Geastrum schmidelii
Gomphidius glutinosus
Gomphidius roseus
Grifola frondosa
Gyromitra esculenta
Hebeloma sinapizans
Helvella crispa
Heterobasidion annosum
Hydnellum concrescens
Hydnum repandum
Hydnum rufescens
Hygrocybe citrinovirens
Hygrocybe conica
Hygrocybe pratensis
Hygrocybe punicea
Hygrophorus agathosmus
Hygrophorus arbustivus
Hygrophorus camarophyllus
Hygrophorus chrysodon
Hygrophorus discoideus
Hygrophorus eburneus
Hygrophorus lucorum
Hygrophorus melizeus
Hygrophorus nemoreus
Hygrophorus penarius
Hygrophorus persicolor
Hygrophorus poetarum
Hygrophorus queletii
Hygrophorus russula
Hygrophorus speciosus
Hypholoma fasciculare
Hypholoma sublateritium
Inocybe cervicolor
Inocybe flocculosa
Laccaria amethystina
Lactarius badiosanguineus
Lactarius pallidus

Lactarius picinus
Lactarius piperatus
Lactarius porninsis
Lactarius pyrogalus
Lactarius scrobiculatus
Lactarius torminosus
Lactarius uvidus
Lactarius volemus
Laetiporus sulphureus
Leccinum aurantiacum
Leccinum scabrum
Lepiota aspera
Lepiota clypeolaria
Lepiota cristata
Lepista caespitosa
Lepista flaccida
Lepista glaucocana
Lepista sordida
Limacella guttata
Lycoperdon echinatum
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lyophyllum cinerascens
Lyophyllum fumosum
Lyophyllum loricatum
Macrolepiota excoriata
Macrolepiota procera
Macrolepiota rachodes
Marasmius oreades
Marasmius rotula
Morchella esculenta
Morchella hortensis
Morchella semilibera
Peziza varia
Phallus impudicus
Pholiota populnea
Pholiota squarrosa
Piptoporus betulinus
Pleurotus ostreatus
Pluteus cervinus
Polyporus ciliatus
Polyporus squamosus
Polyporus varius
Pseudocraterellus undulatus
Ramaria formosa
Rhodocybe gemina
Rozites caperatus
Russula acrifolia
Russula aurea
Russula cyanoxantha
Russula foetens
Russula mairei
Russula nigricans
Russula queletii
Russula turci
Sarcodon imbricatus
Sarcodon leucopus
Schizophyllum commune
Stereum hirsutum
Suillus collinitus
Suillus granulatus
Suillus grevillei
Suillus tridentinus
Trametes suaveolens
Trametes versicolor
Tremiscus helvelloides
Tricholoma album
Tricholoma argyraceum
Tricholoma cingulatum
Tricholoma imbricatum
Tricholoma orirubens
Tricholoma psammopus
Tricholoma saponaceum
Tricholoma sciodes
Tricholoma sejunctum
Tricholoma terreum
Tricholoma ustale
Tricholoma vaccinum
Tricholomopsis rutilans
Verpa bohemica
Xerocomus subtomentosus
Xerula radicata
Xylaria polymorpha